Large fresh osteochondral allografts for the hip: growing the evidence



Articular cartilage lesions of the hip are difficult to effectively treat. Osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation in the knee has been associated with long-term success, but OCA for the hip has not been extensively studied. Here, we present the clinical and radiological outcomes from a cohort of 10 patients treated with fresh OCA transplants for large osteochondral defects of the femoral head and/or acetabulum.


10 patients who had undergone osteochondral allograft transplantation of the femoral head and/or acetabulum at our institution between 2013 and 2016 were identified from our Institutional Review Board-approved registry. Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) was used to track patient progress.


10 patients with an average clinical follow-up of 1.4 years were included in this study. 4 patients were treated solely with OCA plugs for femoral head defects, while the remaining 6 received femoral OCA plugs and at least 1 concomitant procedure for additional intraarticular pathology. 7 patients (70%) had successful functional outcomes, while 3 (30%) had unsuccessful outcomes and were subsequently converted to total hip arthroplasty (THA) 5 to 29 months after OCA.


OCA transplantation can be an effective treatment strategy for young, healthy individuals with articular cartilage lesions of the hip. Smoking, avascular necrosis aetiology, acetabular involvement and concomitant procedures may be risk factors for unsuccessful outcomes necessitating salvage with THA. Long-term clinical studies to refine indications and determine functional outcomes and survival rates are warranted.

Post author correction


Article Subject: Hip replacement



Lasun O. Oladeji, James L. Cook, James P. Stannard, Brett D. Crist

Article History


Financial support: None.
Conflict of interest: J.L.C. is a paid presenter/speaker and receives IP royalties from Arthrex, Inc.; is a paid consultant for CONMED Linvatec; is a board or committee member for Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation. All other authors have no conflict of interest.

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.



  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri - USA
  • Thompson Laboratory for Regenerative Orthopaedics, Missouri Orthopaedic Institute, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri - USA

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

No supplementary material is available for this article.