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Incidence of heterotopic ossification in minimally invasive short-stem THA using the modified anterolateral approach

Incidence of heterotopic ossification in minimally invasive short-stem THA using the modified anterolateral approach

Post author correction

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Article Subject: Arthroplasty

DOI:10.5301/hipint.5000448

Authors

Karl P. Kutzner, Marlene Hechtner, Dominik Pfeil, Philipp Rehbein, Mark P. Kovacevic, Michael Schneider, Werner Siebert, Joachim Pfeil

Abstract

Introduction

Heterotopic ossification (HO) is known to be a common complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The minimal invasive (MIS) modified anterolateral approach has become popular in combination with a short stem. We analysed the incidence of HO following short-stem THA using this approach in combination with a postoperative administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Materials and methods

216 short stems were implanted in 162 patients. NSAIDs were administered for 2 weeks after surgery in 154 patients (95.1%). Standardised pre- and postoperative radiographic imaging was done at 2-year follow-up. HO was analysed according to the Brooker classification. Influence of age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and blood transfusion were analysed. Harris Hip Score (HHS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) of satisfaction were assessed. Operation time and blood-transfusion rate was documented. Short-term gastrointestinal side effects were recorded.

Results

The overall incidence of HO was 7.8% (16 cases). HO Brooker type 3 and 4 occurred in only 1 case (0.5%). No correlation with age, gender or BMI was revealed. HHS improved largely from 45.8 (SD 15.9) before surgery to 98.1 (SD 4.7) after a minimum of 2 years. At that point VAS satisfaction was 9.7 (SD 0.9). Mean operative time was 45.8 minutes (SD 18.7). 12 patients (7.4%) received at least 1 blood-transfusion. Gastrointestinal side effects occurred in 13 of 154 patients (8.4%).

Conclusions

The combination of short-stem THA, the MIS modified anterolateral approach and a postoperative application of NSAIDs resulted in the effective prevention of HO and excellent clinical results.

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: Mathys Ltd. Switzerland funded the cost for additional outpatient radiological follow-up examinations.
Conflict of interest: JP and WS have a contract as medical advisor to Mathys Ltd. Bettlach, Switzerland. KPK, MH, DP, PR, MPK and MS none.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, St. Josefs Hospital Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden - Germany
  • Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics (IMBEI), University of Mainz, Mainz - Germany
  • Clinic for Traumatology, Hand and Orthopaedic Surgery, Dr. Horst Schmidt Clinic Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden - Germany
  • Vitos Clinic for Orthopaedics Kassel, Kassel - Germany

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