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Early death following revision total hip arthroplasty

Abstract

Introduction

The frequency of primary total hip arthroplasty procedures is increasing, with a subsequent rise in revision procedures. This study aims to describe timing and surgical mortality associated with revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) compared to those on the waiting list.

Methods

All patients from a single institution who underwent revision total hip arthroplasty or were added to the waiting list for the same procedure between 2003 and 2013 were recorded. Mortality rates were calculated at 30 and 90 days following surgery or addition to the waiting list.

Results

561 patients were available for the survivorship analysis in the surgical group. Following exclusion, 901 and 484 patients were available for the 30 and the 90-day analysis in the revision THA waiting list group.

30- and 90-day mortality rates were significantly greater for the revision THA group compared to the waiting list group (excess surgical mortality at 30 days = 0.357%, p = 0.037; odds ratio of 5.22, excess surgical mortality at 90 days = 0.863%, p = 0.045).

Conclusions

Revision total hip arthroplasty is associated with a significant excess surgical mortality rate until 90 days post-operation when compared to the waiting list population. We would encourage other authors with access to larger samples to use our method to quantify excess mortality after both primary and revision arthroplasty procedures.

Post author correction

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Article Subject: Hip replacement

DOI:10.5301/hipint.5000593

Authors

Mark D. Jones, Michael Parry, Michael R. Whitehouse, Ashley W. Blom

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: None.
Conflict of Interest: MRW: Speakers bureau/paid presentations by DePuy and Heraeus (money paid into University administered research fund), research support as Principal Investigator by DePuy (research grant for consumables), travelling fellowship from Zimmer administered by the British Orthopaedic Association.
AWB: Research support from Stryker as principal investigator.
All other authors: None.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Conquest Hospital, East Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust, St. Leonards-on-Sea, Hastings - UK
  • The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham - UK
  • Musculoskeletal Research Unit, Southmead Hospital, Bristol - UK

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