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MRI of the hip: current concepts on bone marrow oedema

Abstract

Bone marrow oedema (BME) is commonly found in hip MR imaging. BME is a nonspecific finding which can be related to a wide variety of diseases. However, there are cases where its existence or its pattern can narrow the differential or even point to a specific diagnosis. Therefore, deep understanding of its pathophysiology is of utmost importance for clinicians and radiologists in order to avoid diagnostic pitfalls. We hereby present currently established knowledge on BME related to adult hip pathology, aiming to raise physicians’ suspicion and to highlight that it is mandatory to combine specific imaging patterns with the history, clinical and laboratory findings in order to achieve accurate diagnosis.

Hip Int 2017; 27(4): 329 - 335

Article Type: REVIEW

DOI:10.5301/hipint.5000527

Authors

Michail E. Klontzas, Aristeidis H. Zibis, Evangelia E. Vassalou, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: None.
Conflict of interest: None.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Medical Imaging, Heraklion University Hospital, Heraklion - Greece
  • Department of Radiology, University of Crete, Heraklion - Greece
  • Imperial College London, London - UK
  • Department of Anatomy, University of Thessalia, Medical School, Larissa - Greece

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