Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is the idiopathic avascular necrosis of the femoral head in childhood. The pathologic changes seen in the femoral head are likely a result of vascular factors. Blood neutrophil to lymphocyte (N/L) ratio is a simple marker of subclinical inflammation. This study aims to to analyse the predictive ability of N/L ratio for the prognosis in LCPD patients.
Patients who had been diagnosed as LCPD from 2008 to 2014 were investigated retrospectively and 40 LCPD patients (33 male and 7 female) and 25 healthy age and sex-matched children (controls) were included in the study. LCPD patients were divided into 2 groups according to expected prognosis (good prognosis expected Herring A and B patients as Group I and poor prognosis expected Herring B-C and C patients as Group II) and healthy children (control) were included in Group III. All the patients’ hematological markers were analysed.
Mean age was 7.1 ± 2.0 years in group I (4.9-12 years), 8.3 ± 2.2 years (4-12.5 years) in group II and 7.8 ± 1.3 years (6-12 years) in group III. Mean values for Groups I, II and III for neutrophil to lymphocyte (N/L) ratio were 1.13 ± 0.65, 1.75 ± 0.95, 1.08 ± 0.37, respectively. The mean neutrophil to lymphocyte (N/L) ratio of Group II was higher than the other 2 groups (p = 0.003).
N/L ratio may give us information about the natural course of LCPD and may be used as independent predictor of prognosis in patients with LCPD.
Hip Int 2016; 26(6): 598 - 601
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsBurak Kaymaz, Kadir Büyükdogan, Nazan Kaymaz, Erkam Kömürcü, Umut Hatay Golge, Ferdi Goksel, Mehmet Cemalettin Aksoy
- • Accepted on 01/03/2016
- • Available online on 23/05/2016
- • Published in print on 10/11/2016
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- Kaymaz, Burak [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, * Corresponding Author (email@example.com)
- Büyükdogan, Kadir [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Kaymaz, Nazan [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 3
- Kömürcü, Erkam [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Golge, Umut Hatay [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Goksel, Ferdi [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Aksoy, Mehmet Cemalettin [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Medical School, Çanakkale - Turkey
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hacettepe University, Medical School, Ankara - Turkey
Department of Paediatrics, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Medical School, Çanakkale - Turkey