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Efficacy of core decompression for treatment of canine femoral head osteonecrosis induced by arterial ischaemia and venous congestion

Efficacy of core decompression for treatment of canine femoral head osteonecrosis induced by arterial ischaemia and venous congestion

Post author correction

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Article Subject: Reconstruction

DOI:10.5301/hipint.5000462

Authors

Yupeng Liu, Dewei Zhao, Weiming Wang, Yao Zhang, Benjie Wang, Zhigang Li

Abstract

Methods

40 healthy mixed-breed dogs were randomly divided into 2 groups, arterial ischaemia (AI) and venous congestion (VC), each containing 20 dogs. The dogs underwent a procedure where the deep femoral artery or deep femoral vein was ligated randomly on the left or right side to establish the femoral head osteonecrosis model. 13 dogs from each group, AI and VC, were randomly selected for subsequent study. 3 dogs were randomly chosen from each group to receive core decompression (CD) every 2 weeks for a total of 4 sessions.

Results

The development of femoral head osteonecrosis was slightly slowed at each measurement time point after CD in the arterial ischaemia (AI) group, but no restoration was observed. The venous congestion (VC) group showed a gradually reduced mixed signal after CD and exhibited a trend towards restoration. The various VC subgroups had significantly improved symptoms compared to the AI subgroups.

Conclusions

CD displayed greater treatment efficacy for femoral head osteonecrosis caused by VC, but poor efficacy for femoral head osteonecrosis caused by AI.

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: None.
Conflict of interet: None.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University, Dalian, Liaoning Province - China

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