Advertisement

Screws are not needed when secure interference fit of uncemented acetabular components is adequate: a 5- to 15-year follow-up with clinical and radiological analysis

Screws are not needed when secure interference fit of uncemented acetabular components is adequate: a 5- to 15-year follow-up with clinical and radiological analysis

Hip Int 2017; 27(3): 267 - 272

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/hipint.5000459

Authors

Eduardo García-Rey

Abstract

Purpose

Even with good surgical preparation, adequate primary stability of the acetabular component is not always achieved after primary total hip replacement (THR). We hypothesise that adequate bone preparation for appropriate cortical loading would allow us to avoid screw use.

Methods

A total of 791 uncemented cups were analysed to compare the need for screws to obtain primary fixation in 5 different designs. Arthritic hips with inflammatory arthritis or severe congenital hip disease were excluded. A press-fit technique was first tried in all hips and screws were only used when strictly needed. Radiological acetabular shape and postoperative cup position were assessed in all hips. The mean follow-up was 9.6 (5-15) years.

Results

Screws were required in 155 hips (19.6%). We could not detect any difference in the percentage of screw use between designs. We found that female patients (odds ratio [OR] 2.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.41-3.02) and cups with a greater distance to the hip rotation centre on the postoperative radiograph (OR 1.69; 95% CI, 1.17-2.45) had a higher risk for screw use. A greater anteversion of the cup had a lower risk for screw use (OR 0.96; 95% CI, 0.94-0.99). At latest follow-up no hips had needed revision for aseptic loosening.

Conclusions

Good intraoperative technique is not enough to avoid screw use since more accurate cup position and reconstruction of the hip rotation centre are required for an adequate interference fit. A press-fit technique can provide similar mid-term results to screw use in hips without severe deformities.

Article History

Disclosures

Financial Support: None.
Conflict of interest: None.

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.

Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Hospital La Paz-IdiPAZ, Madrid - Spain

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

No supplementary material is available for this article.