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Acetabular spacers in 2-stage hip revision: is it worth it? A single-centre retrospective study

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this work is to evaluate an acetabular antibiotic loaded bone cement spacer in 2-stage revision surgery as a potential approach able to reduce complications during the inter-stage period (i.e. dislocation, acetabular wear), as well as simplify 2-stage hip revision surgery and improve hip biomechanics.

Methods

We performed a retrospective comparative study and evaluated clinical, radiological and surgical data of 71 patients affected by periprosthetic hip infection who were treated with 2-stage exchange. 31 patients were treated using an acetabular spacer in addition to the femoral (group A) while 40 underwent a standard revision surgery (femoral spacer only, group B).

Results

Mean time of surgery for the first stage was 148 ± 59 minutes and 142 ± 45 minutes for group A and B respectively; we noted a statistically significant reduction (26 min, p = 0.015) in the same parameter for the second stage (83 ± 35 minutes for group A and 109 ± 36 minutes for group B). We observed the following interstage complications: 5 femoral spacer dislocations (1 for group A and 4 for group B); 1 spacer fracture (group B), 1 spacer fracture (group A), 2 periprosthetic fractures (group B) and 2 patients with acetabular spacer instability (group B). Additionally, we observed a significant improvement in leg length restoration for group A (p = 0.03).

Conclusions

Our data show that the acetabular spacer technique is able to reduce the interstage complication rate and allow improved hip biomechanics restoration.

Hip Int 2017; 27(2): 187 - 192

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/hipint.5000446

Authors

Giorgio Burastero, Marco Basso, Giuliana Carrega, Luca Cavagnaro, Francesco Chiarlone, Carlo Salomone, Gabriele Papa, Lamberto Felli

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: None.
Conflict of interest: None.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Infectious Diseases and Septic Orthopaedics, Hospital St. Mary of Mercy, Albenga - Italy
  • Orthopaedic Clinic - IRCCS University Hospital San Martino IST, Genova - Italy

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