Contents

for authors

Cart

quick search

Cart

Your cart is empty

View cart

quick search

Vol. 22 Issue 2 (March-April 2012)

Prevalence of dementia in elderly patients with hip fracture

Prevalence of dementia in elderly patients with hip fracture

Hip Int 2012; 22(2): 209 - 213

Article Type: ORIGINAL ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/HIP.2012.9229

Authors

Konstantina G. Yiannopoulou, Ioannis P. Anastasiou, Theodore K. Ganetsos, Petros Efthimiopoulos, Sokratis G. Papageorgiou

Abstract

Hip fractures occur commonly and are a cause of disability for older adults and lead to increased dependence and requirements for social support. Dementia is one of the possible risk factors for falling and hip fracture, a potential source for complications during surgery and during the postoperative period, difficulties in rehabilitation and a risk factor for hip fracture reccurence. However, in previous studies of hip fracture patients, cognitive status has not been formally assessed during the inpatient stay and diagnosis was based only on previous history. Additionally, no previous studies have compared prevalence of dementia between elderly patients with hip fracture and patients with other surgical pathology. Our aim was to define whether dementia was more prevalent in older subjects with hip fracture than in other elderly patients undergoing surgery. In this study, we prospectively assessed all patients aged 68 and older admitted to our hospital for hip fracture surgery during a one year period and compared them with age and gender matched patients attending other surgical departments. 80 hip fracture patients and 80 controls were assessed for dementia. Dementia was common in both groups, presumably reflecting the advanced mean age of both groups and cognitive deterioration due to hospitalization-status. Dementia was significantly higher in the hip fracture group (85%) compared to the control group (61.5%; p=0.002). Dementia is very common in older patients admitted for surgery to a general hospital and extremely common in those with hip fracture. It seems that dementia is under diagnosed in elderly hospitalised patients. Our data confirm that dementia is a major risk factor for hip fracture in the elderly.

Article History

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

Authors

  • Yiannopoulou, Konstantina G. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Neurology, Laiko General Hospital of Athens, Athens - Greece
  • Anastasiou, Ioannis P. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Urology, Athens University Medical School, Athens - Greece
  • Ganetsos, Theodore K. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Electronics, Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Lamia, Lamia - Greece
  • Efthimiopoulos, Petros [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Electronics, Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Lamia, Lamia - Greece
  • Papageorgiou, Sokratis G. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Second Department of Neurology, Athens University Medical School, Athens - Greece

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal

    Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.

    Article price: Eur 36.00

    You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.

  • Claim online access

    If you hold a Society membership and you have never accessed the website claim online access to receive your log in credentials

No supplementary material is available for this article.